Understanding Our Skin Structure: Why Do We Experience Ageing?

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For most of us, ageing is a fact of life. Our metabolism slows down, our bones pop when we move, our hair goes grey and, unfortunately, our skin begins to change. This often comes in the form of wrinkles, sagging skin, and dryness. To understand why and how this happens, we first need to look at the functions of the skin and how it is affected by internal and environmental factors. Sunlight, food, skincare, and stress can all affect how the skin ages. For some women, this can become a source of anxiety that is realised too late to establish any effective preventative measures.

skin structure

Is there anything you can do as a preventive measure? Victoria Facelift is an effective and modern solution for women who want to feel at home in their own skin again. Positive reviews of Victoria Facelift are testament to the effectiveness of our anti-ageing treatments.

Anxieties About Ageing

Not all women may think about it in philosophical terms, but the impact is real. It’s hard not to feel anxious about wrinkles and sagging when these are visible signs telling you that you will soon be past your prime. This anxiety can be alleviated by using effective skincare products and sunscreen, but for women who started skincare late or want faster results, Victoria Facelift is the perfect choice to reset your skin for that everlasting youthful glow. To understand how this works, we need to first look at the structure of the skin and how that changes over time.

The Function and Structure of The Skin

Your skin is your largest organ. It fulfils many purposes; protecting your organs and muscles from environmental toxins, enabling you to feel pain and pleasure, protecting the body from UV radiation, maintaining moisture, producing vitamin D, regulating temperature, and acting as a barrier against mechanical, thermal and physical injury. In short, your skin does a lot, and as you age, the way you have been treating your skin will start to show.

Think of how you get red and sunburnt after a day at the beach. Over time, as a result of prolonged sun exposure or having no protection against the sun’s aggressive rays, someone may develop sunspots or wrinkles prematurely. In essence, your skin keeps score of where you’ve been and what you’ve done throughout your life.

Getting Under Your Skin

There are three main layers to the skin: the epidermis, the dermis, and the hypodermis. Each of these serves a disparate function that, when working well together, allows your skin to properly fulfill its purpose. Let’s take a closer look at each layer:

The Epidermis

The epidermis is the topmost layer of skin and is made up of layers of keratinocytes that undergo continuous terminal maturation. Put simply, as new keratinocytes are produced, the old ones are pushed to the surface where they die and fall off the skin. If you scratch your skin and see a white mark, this is often the layer of dead keratinocytes resting on the surface.

The epidermis also contains melanocytes which control pigment, Langerhans cells which are vital for immunity, and dendritic cells and Merkel cells which function as sensory mechanoreceptors. All these work hand-in-hand to help the epidermis form an effective barrier against UV radiation, heat and water loss and pathogenic bacteria you come into contact with.

The Dermis

The dermis is the middle layer of skin and the connective tissue between the epidermis and hypodermis. It is larger than the other two and contains many critical structures. Hair follicles, sweat glands and nails are all embedded in this layer. Other structures like blood vessels, nerves, fibroblast cells and mast cells are critical components that are also found in the dermis.

The dermis is composed of two smaller layers: the superficial papillary layer, and the deeper reticular layer. The reticular layer is thicker and made up of fibroblast cells and elastin fibres that ensure the skin is flexible and strong. Fibroblast cells are an important structure that assists in critical collagen production.

The Hypodermis

The hypodermis, or subcutis, is the deepest layer of skin. This is where the body stores fatty adipose tissue and can dramatically vary in size between individuals. This layer aids in insulation and contributes to important thermoregulation. People who ‘run warm’ may find this is due to a thicker hypodermis, amongst other factors.

What Happens to Our Skin As We Age?

As we become older, our skin becomes more translucent, thin, and pale. This is because over time the body naturally stops producing as many new skin cells, even though the number of cell layers remains the same. The appearance of aged skin largely comes from a reduced number of melanocytes, or pigment-containing cells, in the epidermis.

This regeneration slow-down also means that there is less collagen and elastin due to fewer fibroblasts being produced. Since these are essential in giving us a springy and fresh look, limited collagen and elastin will lead to drier skin that is also less supple. This is a process known as elastosis. This is also why the skin begins to wrinkle, droop, and sag.

In old age, women will find that the sebaceous glands in the epidermis produce less oil, which can be hastened by menopause. In men, this effect is less dramatic and often only comes into effect after 80 years. The lack of oil makes it difficult for the skin to maintain moisture levels, resulting in dry and itchy skin. That in turn can cause fine lines and wrinkles to emerge over time.

Another change that occurs is in the hypodermis, which becomes thinner resulting in less plump and smooth skin. Fat from the eyelids will settle into the eye sockets, contributing to a sunken look, and the lower eyelids slacken as the muscles supporting the upper eyelid weaken, making the eyes look droopy.

Slowing Down the Ageing Process

While you cannot stop ageing entirely, there are a few proven measures that can help in slowing down the ageing process, allowing you to maintain youthful-looking skin for a longer time.

The first preventative measure is sunscreen. Studies have found that regular sunscreen use protects us against superficial photoaging including wrinkling, spotting, and loss of elasticity. To take advantage of this, ensure that you apply sunscreen daily.

And how do you choose your sunscreen? Look for one that is broad-spectrum, meaning it protects from UV and UVB radiation. It should also be at least SPF 30+ and is water-resistant. Apply it in the morning before makeup, and remember to reapply it throughout the day when it wears off.

Smoking is another thing to avoid if you wish to maintain your skin’s youthfulness. Tobacco smoke contains many toxic chemicals that may damage your skin cells and cause wrinkles around the eyes, nose, and mouth. Nasolabial folds, that is wrinkles between the bottom of the nose and edge of the mouth, are found to be deeper in smokers compared to non-smokers. Smokers also have lesser elastin and collagen fibres in comparison to non-smokers, leading to a duller complexion and drier skin.

Repair Ageing Skin with Victoria Facelift’s Signature Power-Lift Facial

Given that the skin works as your protective barrier against environmental stressors, when this barrier diminishes, it becomes increasingly difficult to block out any external damage. With more damage impeding the formation of fibroblasts and natural oils, skin ageing becomes inevitable and rapid as well.

Fortunately, not all hope is lost for ageing skin. Victoria Facelift, the anti-wrinkle and facelift expert, has developed the ideal procedure that addresses not only the visible surface issues, but also the underlying causes of skin ageing.

The swathes of positive Victoria Facelift reviews will confirm the dramatic effect of our scientifically backed anti-ageing formulation and application. Made with key ingredients like epidermal growth factor (EGF), hydrolysed collagen, and hibiscus seed extract, it is able to repair the skin from within to provide instant and satisfying results.

The EGF helps repair the epidermis and, alongside other active ingredients, will stimulate collagen and hyaluronic acid production to tighten drooping skin and smooth out wrinkles. These ingredients are delivered into the deepest layers of skin to initiate complete restoration and revitalisation.

Each session of the Victoria Facelift Power-Lift Facial will provide instant results including reductions of fine lines, wrinkles, dark circles and sagging skin to improve general appearance whilst helping the skin maintain an appropriate moisture balance.

If you’re interested in trying out our services, simply schedule an appointment with us through our website. Inclusive of a computerised skin scan and personal consultation with our skincare experts, one session will put you on the right track to achieving strong, youthful-looking skin.

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